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Factsheets

At Vita we understand that your pets are part of the family. Here you can find useful factsheets on your pet’s health and tips for helping to keep them as fit and healthy as possible.

Essential Fatty Acids

Fatty acids are classed as "essential" if they can't be produced in the body, so animals have to obtain them through their diet. Omega 3 essential fatty acids have a myriad of beneficial effects on the body so there are a wide range of situations in which vets may recommend a supplement.

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Harvest Time Hazards

Read our guide for top tips on keeping your pet safe during the autumn months, and speak to a vet for advice if your pet is affected by any of the hazards outlined, for example: harvest mites; grass seeds; fallen fruit intoxication; wasp stings; conkers or fireworks.

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Supplements for Cats

Do cats need supplements? And if so, which supplements are beneficial to cats? This factsheets addresses these commonly asked questions from concerned cat owners, who want to make sure they are giving their cat everything he or she needs for a long, healthy life.

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Allergies in Dogs and Cats

Skin allergies are very common in both dogs and cats and can be a cause of great distress for both the animal and their owner. This article looks at the most common cause of skin allergies in dogs and cats.

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Canine & Feline Arthritis

Arthritis is extremely common in dogs and cats. Arthritis can affect many joints within the body and although it is a progressive disease it can be managed effectively. There are many different causes of Arthritis and the diagnosis, treatment and management options will vary depending on the underlying cause and individual patient.

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Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a chronic inflammation of joints which can have many causes and can begin at any life stage. Clinical signs can vary in nature and severity. A range of methods are used for diagnosis and treatment within veterinary practice.

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Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia affects the hip joint and is a genetic condition. Environmental factors can affect the severity of the disease. Most dogs will present with clinical signs before 18 months of age. Clinical signs can vary. Diagnosis is normally by veterinary imaging and multiple treatment options are available.

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Elbow Dysplasia

Elbow dysplasia is a genetic condition and affects the structure of the elbow joint. Clinical signs develop at varying life stages depending on individuals. Diagnosis is normally by veterinary imaging and multiple treatment options are available.

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Heart Disease

Heart disease is a broad term for any disease affecting the function or structure of the heart. There are congenital or acquired disease which can affect both cats and dogs of all ages. Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options vary depending on the cause of the heart disease and the degree of disease present.

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Endocardiosis

Endocardiosis alters the physical structures of the heart valves due to an accumulation of fibrous tissue. This condition is inherited and degenerative. Symptoms will vary depending on severity of disease. Treatment once started will be lifelong.

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Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is inflammation of the skin caused by an inappropriate immune response to environmental substances. There are many substances that can initiate atopic dermatitis and all dogs can be susceptible to the disease. Clinical signs can affect all areas of the skin and diagnosis can be difficult and time consuming. Various treatment options are available.

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Otitis

Otitis is divided into two categories. There are many possible causes of Otitis. Certain breeds are predisposed, but it can affect all cats and dogs. Clinical signs vary depending on the cause and severity of the disease. Diagnosis is by physically examination and treatment options will be dependent on cause and severity.

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Feline Observation Chart

Cats can be difficult to assess for pain as they are very good at hiding the signs and they are often very subtle so easily missed or purely mistaken for ageing. Using an observation chart can help identify any potential changes.

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Winter wellbeing

The winter months can pose their own challenges to our pet’s health from the cold, unpredictable weather to the unique winter hazards such as anti-freeze. Your pet’s routine may need to alter during this period and extra vigilance may be required to keep them safe.

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Wound healing in reptiles

Wounds in reptiles are often more difficult to treat than those in mammals due to their physiological and anatomical differences. There are many causes of wounds in reptiles and healing can be slower and more dependent on environmental temperature.

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Wound healing in horses

Horse wounds can have a range of complications such as poor healing due to skin tension or infection. Accurately assessing wounds and being able to apply basic first aid is vital and allows you to know when to seek veterinary advice. Our owners guide helps you complete this process and gives you advice and guidance on applying such first aid and the signs which indicate veterinary advice is required

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Canine cognitive dysfunction

Like humans, dogs can suffer from brain ageing called canine cognitive dysfunction (CCD). It’s actually pretty common and affects somewhere between 14% and 35% of dogs. It is usually seen in dogs over 8 years of age.

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Ear disease

Ear disease affects dogs, cats and rabbits and can be variable in severity and has a range of potential causes. Diagnosis is often by physical examination and treatment methods will vary. Routine hygiene is important especially in specific breeds to ensure healthy ears.

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Boosting wellbeing of you and your pet

We can always benefit from a little wellbeing boost. It has been proven that having pets improves our mental and physical wellbeing including reducing blood pressure, lowering stress levels and improving our mood. Keeping our pets active and simulated is important.

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Flystrike in rabbits

Flystrike (myiasis) occurs when damp fur - often due to damaged skin or soiled by urine or faeces - attracts the green bottle fly (Lucilia sericata). The fly can lay up to 200 eggs on the skin which hatch into maggots within nine hours and fully mature within 43 hours.

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Owner guide to preventing flystrike

Our handy owner guide can be downloaded to help owners prevent and control flystrike

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Owner guide to pet first aid

A handy downloadable first aid guide for pet owners

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